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Oil revenue falls from 46.9% to 7.4% in 5 years – Expert



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An economic expert, Dr Afolabi Olowookere, has said that oil revenue, in terms of contribution to federation account, fell from 46.9 per cent in 2017 to 7.4 per cent in the first half of 2022.

Olowookere, the Managing Director, Analysts Data Services and Resources Ltd., made this known on Tuesday in a statement entitled “Performance of Federation Distribution, Budget versus Actual.”

He said that overall, share of federation account to total distribution had reduced from 81.4 per cent in 2017 to 66.1 per cent in 2022.

Olowookere added that Value Added Tax (VAT) pool distribution increased steadily from 18.6 per cent to 33.9 per cent during the period.

According to him, share of oil has been falling and projected to fall further while VAT has been gaining its share.

“Revenue from gas flared penalty increased from N3.8 billion in 2017 to N98.6 billion by the end of 2021 while it has contributed N39.2 billion as at 2022’H1.

“Overall, revenue projection has been far larger than the amount realised across the various components of oil revenue,” he said.

Olowookere, however, said that gross profit from crude oil and gas sales performed well above projections except for 2020 and 2019 with negative variances of 38.1 per cent and 62.1 per cent respectively.

He said apart from 2020, actual oil revenue had been more than 50 per cent lower than their budged values.

Olowookere added that in terms of contribution, gross profit oil and gas had fallen over time, PPT and gas income as well as oil and gas royalties have increased their share.

On Petroleum Industry Act (PIA) and its Implication on Federation Account Revenue, he said the PIA had the major aim to restructure and transform the Nigerian oil and gas industry.

He listed the key pillars of the PIA as national grid system for acreage management, petroleum mining lease, exploration and prospecting licences, frontier exploration and host communities development funds.

Others, he included as midstream and downstream gas infrastructure fund, hydrocarbon tax, company income tax, royalties, fines and penalties.

He said implications of PIA on Federation Account Revenue could be examined through some channels which included the Establishment of Regulatory Agencies, multiple agencies and cost of collection.

He listed other channels as NNPC Limited and its commercial operations, Remittance into Federation Account Allocation Committee (FAAC) versus Consolidated Revenue Fund (CRF), Newly-created Funds in PIA and FAAC, PIA and New Taxes and PIA on fuel subsidy.

“If properly deregulated, elimination of subsidy payment connotes higher FAAC and more revenue for government to provide basic amenities.

“Despite these provisions, government still continues with subsidy payment for certain reasons.

“While section 31(d) of PIA may suggest subsidy removal, it is not impossible that the process of providing pricing and tariff framework and advising on commercial matters lead to some price controls or subsidy reintroduction.

“Sections 32(e ), 32(f) and 64(m) can be exploited to justify continuation of subsidy payment,” he said.

He stressed that the courage to remove subsidy was imperative but should be done in a manner that would not add more burden to the citizens who were already stressed out due to harsh economic realities.


Emmanuella Anokam

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