It was reported that the ICAO USOAP was established in 1999 to promote global aviation safety through regular audits of ICAO Member States to determine their ability to maintain effectively their safety oversight systems.
The programme is managed by the Monitoring and Oversight office within the Air Navigation Bureau.
The objective of USOAP is to promote global aviation safety.
It does this by auditing Contracting States, on a regular basis, to determine the States’ capability for safety oversight.
It makes this determination by assessing the effective implementation of the critical elements of a safety oversight system and the status of States’ implementation of safety-related ICAO Standards and Recommended Practices, associated procedures, guidance material and safety-related practices.
ICAO launched the USOAP in response to widespread concerns expressed during the 29th ICAO Assembly in 1992.
t that Session of the Assembly, a concern was raised on the apparent inability of some Contracting States to carry out their safety oversight functions.
Assembly Resolution A32-11 directed ICAO to conduct regular, mandatory, systematic and harmonised safety audits of all Contracting States, with the objective of enhancing safety by promoting the implementation of States of International Standards and Recommended Practices (SARPs).
It also encouraged its application by Contracting States, together with the greater transparency and increased accessibility of audit results.